1.4 Subculture phenomena
Subculture phenomena are evolving human ecologies. The definition of subcultures has changed over time due to their decentralised, self-organising nature. Initially, subcultures were identified as gangs of primarily delinquent and criminal male youths who found protection in a group in their social class, race or sexual orientation. In the middle of the Twentieth Century, identities become unhinged from family, race, class, and location. Symbols of the subculture became a ‘uniform’, for example, a shared view in a style of music, an interest in a particular spectacular DIY ethic based fashion or objects. Finally, subcultures became more diffuse and open to a diversity of people. They shared experience of certain dance events such as ‘Raves' or events in clubs. What then is evident is that being part of a subculture became more about the matter of choice rather than the infliction of a social position and the environment in which one lived. Therefore, subcultures emerged into a postmodern context within a fragmented perspective of the modern social, cultural and political hegemonic structures that stood for objective truths. For this reason, each subculture, scene or neo-tribe builds its ideology upon a common shared interest, which becomes the source of shared identity. Participation in a subculture becomes a choice rather than the only option. And due to this is fluid in the way it develops; people come and go and bring new inputs to the subculture's identity, changing what it signifies and the function it is for those involved. By revealing a shift in the function that a subculture was for those who were part of it, how can one understand why this shift took place? The following section addresses this question.